Types in the Old Testament


Types in the Old Testament

September 15th, 1957 @ 8:15 AM

Leviticus 14:1-7

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing: He shall be brought unto the priest: And the priest shall go forth out of the camp; and the priest shall look, and, behold, if the plague of leprosy be healed in the leper; Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water: As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water: And he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the living bird loose into the open field.
Print Sermon
Downloadable Media
Share This Sermon
Play Audio

Show References:


Dr. W. A. Criswell

Leviticus 14:1-7

9-15-57         8:15 a.m.


You are sharing with us the services, the early morning services of the First Baptist Church in Dallas, and this is the pastor bringing an introductory message to a field of revelation which shall occupy our hearts, our prayerful attention, our zealous interest for all of the year that lies ahead.  I feel like Balboa as he scanned the vast illimitable Pacific, and looked upon its endless shores for the first time; the first white man to look across its vast and illimitable expanse.  So I say I feel as I have discovered for the first time a vast, and illimitable, and full, and rich ocean of the truth and the revelation of God.  I came upon it inadvertently, without planning, without thinking for it.  It came about, as you know, in my preaching through this Book of Genesis at this first early hour and finally came to the story of Abraham’s sending his servant for a bride for his son, Isaac. 

And as any true student of the Word would see, there is in that beautiful, beautiful story a type, a figure of the Lord’s Son, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit sent from God to seek out a bride for His Son, which is the church, the bride of Christ.  I was preparing that message for this morning hour when it came to my heart, "Well, maybe people who listen to that might suppose it to be fancy, just the play of a preacher’s imagination."  So I stopped that week, that was some time last July, I stopped that week and began to look to see whether that was mere fancy and ministerial imagination, this thing of types, that this is that; that the story here is a pre-figuration of a thing that happened centuries later, that these things are adumbrations of great and marvelous mysteries that God shall reveal by and by.  So I stopped and I looked at it, as Moses stopped and looked at the burning bush [Exodus 3:1-3]; I stopped and looked at that.  And I say, to my overwhelming amazement and to a spiritual enrichment of my soul as I have never experienced before, I found before me a whole new and unfolding world.

So this summer on my vacation, I gave myself to that study, day after day, morning, noon, and night, night and noon and morning, I began to pore over these Scriptures, and through the books upon which I could lay hand.  And I say, this year’s work of preaching at this morning hour will be the unfolding, the revelation of the thing that I have found in the depths of the riches of the revelation of God in Christ Jesus and in this Book.  To my astonishment, to my amazement, I found that it is beyond anything I ever conceived of; the same story, the same revelation, the same unfolding from beginning to end.  This is that, it was in a different form here; it had a different character, substance, and texture.  But the thing was the same thing that I found later unfolded, the substance, the shadow of which I had found back there.  Now, we call that a "type."  So this morning’s message is going to be an introductory summary, somewhat, to the whole ocean over which we shall sail by God’s grace in these days that lie ahead.

Now, in the tenth chapter of the first Corinthian letter, Paul uses those words.  He begins the tenth chapter of the first Corinthian letter by referring to the story of Israel as they came out of Egypt, and as they went through the Red Sea, and as they journeyed, as they pilgrimaged, through the wilderness [1 Corinthians 10:1-5].  Then he says, in the sixth verse, "Now these things were our," and you have it translated "examples"; the Greek word is tupos, and the English, spell it out in English, it’s "types."  "Now these things were our types" [1 Corinthians 10:6].  Now look down there in the eleventh verse, "Now all these things happened unto them for," and you have it translated "ensamples"; the Greek word is tupikōs, and as we’d spell it out in the English we would say "typically."  "Now all of these things happened unto them typically, and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come" [1 Corinthians 6:11].  Paul is saying that those events, those things that happened back there in the those days that are passed, written here in the Old Testament Scriptures, they are types, and those things happened typically, in order that we might see the fullness of the revelation of God in our day and in our generation.

Now, in the fifth chapter of the Book of Romans, again he will use that word, referring to a character, a personality.  He says, in the fourteenth verse of the fifth chapter of Romans, "Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them which had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the," and you have it translated "figure"; the Greek word again is "tupos"; "who is the type of Him that was to come" [Romans 5:14].  Paul is saying there that Adam was a type, a figure of Jesus Christ, whom he calls in another place, "the second Adam" [1 Corinthians 15:45].  So the people back there and the events back there and the objects back there, by the Spirit of God, all prefigured the great spiritual revelation that was to come in our Lord Jesus.

Now, let us define a type.  In the tenth chapter of Hebrews and the first verse, the author defines it:  "A shadow of good things to come, but not the very image of the things themselves" [Hebrews 10:1].  A type then is an object, or a personality, or an incident, or a something, anything, a color, a substance, it is something back there in the Old Testament Scriptures that has another meaning, a deeper meaning, a second meaning; and it shadows, it prefigures something else that is yet to come.

Now, those types back there in the Old Testament Scriptures prefiguring a great spiritual revelation in the New Testament Scriptures, those types were wrought by the Holy Spirit Himself.  In the eighth chapter of the Book of Hebrews, he quotes there in the fifth verse, in Hebrews 8:5, the author quotes there from the Lord as He tells Moses, now listen to him, "As Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle:  for, See, saith the Lord," talking to Moses, "that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount."  God said to Moses, "Moses, you may not know why I want you to do this thing just so, and make this thing just like this, you may not understand it, but Moses whether you understand it or not, See," says the Lord, "that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount."  Moses, you do just exactly, meticulously, minutely, you do exactly as I say.  See to it, Moses, that you do.

 Then in the ninth chapter of the Book of Hebrews, you have listed some of those things, the pattern of which God gave to Moses and said, "Make it just as I say."  You have in the second verse the tabernacle [Hebrews 9:2], in the third verse the veil [Hebrews 9:3], in the fourth verse the ark of the testimony [Hebrews 9:4], in the fifth verse the cherubim and the mercy seat [Hebrews 9:5], and on and on.  Now look, in the eighth verse he says, "The Holy Ghost this signifying [Hebrews 9:8]; in the ninth verse, "Which was a figure" [Hebrews 9:9].  Now, I said that these types were wrought by the Holy Spirit Himself.  Hebrews 9:8 says so.  The author says that those types back there and those patterns back there were given, they were wrought by, they were shaped by the Holy Spirit Himself.  And they signified other things that were yet to come [Hebrews 9:8].

Now, to my amazement I have found that the great teaching of the Word of God in the Old Testament is found far more clearly and fully and richly in the types than it is found in the very expressed words and statements of the Scriptures themselves.  For example, our Lord Jesus Christ, when He began to reveal Himself and God’s purposes through Him, our Lord authenticated His ministry so many times by the types of the Old Testament Scriptures.  They’d say, "What is the sign that You give us that You are the Son of God, that You are the promised Prophet, the Messiah of heaven?  What sign do You give?"  And the Lord replied in a type: As Jonah, three days and three nights, so the Lord, three days and three nights [Jonah 1:17; Matthew 12:38-40].  He replied in a type.  Why, you could read the prophet Jonah forever, and you would never know the significance of that story had it not been that the Lord Jesus Christ revealed it to us:  this meant that, this was a pre-figuration of that, the adumbration of this is found there.  When our Lord spake to His apostles after He was risen from the dead, "Beginning at Moses and the Prophets, He expounded unto them all the things concerning Himself" [Luke 24:27], from the Holy Scriptures.  And you will find far, far more of Jesus Christ, and His life, and the truth of the Lord, you’ll find it far more in the types than you will find it in any place else.  We’re going to see that in just a moment.

Now when the apostles took upon themselves this great task of evangelizing the world, and the proving that Jesus was the antitype of all of the figures and adumbrations in the Old Testament Scriptures, when they took upon themselves the evangelization of the world and the presentation of Jesus as the true Messiah, they did that, I say, by using the types, the figures, the occurrences, the objects back there in the Old Testament Scriptures.  Now I want to show you that.  Let us start with the apostle Paul.  In the first Corinthian letter and the fifteenth chapter, Paul says, beginning at the third verse:


I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures; that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.

[1 Corinthians 15:3-4]


  All right, suppose you take the Scriptures and show me where it says, "That the Lord rose again the third day according to the Scriptures" [1 Corinthians 15:4].  Suppose you do that?

All right, I just tried it; I just picked up my Bible.  Paul says here, "I delivered unto you the gospel message that He died for our sins according to the Scriptures" [1 Corinthians 15:3]. I could easily find that.  "That He was buried," all right, you find this, "that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures" [1 Corinthians 15:4].  Suppose you find that for me? Well I pored through that Bible trying to find back there in the Old Testament Scriptures where it says that Christ was to rise the third day.  Well, out of the whole Old Testament, I found two references and that’s all, two of them.  You will find one in Psalms [Isaiah 16:9-10], and you’ll find another in Hosea [Hosea 6:2].  And outside of those two references, you won’t find any other; that is, I couldn’t find any other.  Well then how is it that Paul could say that "He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures?"  Why, bless your heart, you will find that in the types, and you will find it gloriously and beautifully!

For example, in the Book of Leviticus, in the types that are used, you will find the exact day upon which the Lord is to be raised from the dead.  And Paul refers to it here in the first Corinthian letter, this same chapter, the fifteenth chapter, and the twenty-third verse.  Look at that:  "Every man shall be raised from the dead in his own order:  Christ, the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at His coming" [1 Corinthians 15:23].  Now what does that mean?  That doesn’t mean a thing in the world to you if you don’t know the types, if you don’t know what Paul is referring to, "Christ, the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at His coming" [1 Corinthians 15:23].  Well, this is what he refers to:  he’s referring there to the twenty-third chapter of the Book of Leviticus [Leviticus 23:9-14].  And, at the Feast of the Firstfruits, there is the sheaf that is taken, the first sheaf that is gathered, and it is waved before the Lord as a dedication of the harvest and the fruit of their hands that is yet to be given from God; the sheaf of the firstfruits is dedicated to the Lord [Leviticus 23:20].  On what day?  The Scriptures say that the firstfruits, the sheaf, was to be waved before the Lord on the morrow after the Sabbath, immediately following Passover [Leviticus 23:9-15].  All right, Paul says here [1 Corinthians 15:23-24], that Christ is that sheaf of the firstfruits, waved before the Lord – dedicated before the Lord – on the morrow after the Sabbath immediately following the Passover.  Now when was Christ crucified?  He was crucified before the Sabbath of the Passover [Mark 14:12].  When was He raised from the dead?  He was raised from the dead on the morrow immediately following the Sabbath following the Passover [Mark 16:2].  The exact day is prefigured in the types in the Old Testament Scriptures.  And that’s just one out of many.  So when Paul says, "Christ rose again the third day according to the Scriptures" [1 Corinthians 15:4], why, you’ll find those Scriptures mostly in the types, in the prefigurations of the great glories that were yet to come.

Now, let’s take Paul again.  In the fourth chapter of the Book of Galatians, he has a long, long discussion there about a thing that, if you were to read it in the Old Testament and not know what it actually meant, you’d never see the great truth of God in what had happened.  Look at this:  "For it is written," this is in the twenty-second verse of the Book of Galatians, "For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.  But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh," the story of Ishmael, "but he of the freewoman was by promise," the story of Isaac.  "Which [things] are an allegory," which are "types" we would say: "for these are the two covenants; the one from Mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Hagar.  For this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage," under the law, "with her children.  But Jerusalem which above is free, which is the mother of us all" [Galatians 4:22-26], and on and on.  Do you see there?  He takes the story back there in the Old Testament, and he finds in them types, prefigurations of the great truth of God that is yet to be revealed.

Well let’s take one more before we leave the apostle Paul.  In the fifth chapter of the Book of Ephesians, he does the same thing again.  In the fifth chapter of the Book of Ephesians, he is going to speak here about a husband and wife.  And as he speaks about the husband and the wife, he goes back to the day of Adam and Eve.  And when he goes to the story of Adam and Eve, he finds in it the mystery of the revelation of the church, the bride of Jesus Christ [Ephesians 5:22-33].  Now that’s an amazing and astounding thing, when you remember that the church was hidden from the Old Testament prophets; they never saw it.  It was a mystery hid in the inner counsels of God until it was revealed to the apostles, to Paul and the other apostles [Ephesians 3:1-12].  But you will find that church in the types.  You’ll find it all through the Bible in the types.  Never revealed, it was a mystery in the heart and mind of God.  But you will find it in the types.  And it was only when the church was born and built and established by Christ that we ever came to see what it was that those things meant back there in the Old Testament Scriptures.

All right, now let’s look at this in the fifth chapter of Ephesians.  Paul starts off there in the twenty-fifth verse, "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave Himself for it" [Ephesians 5:25].  Now the thirtieth verse, let’s go to the twenty-ninth, "For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:  For we are members of His body, and of His flesh, and of His bones" [Ephesians 5:29-30].  He goes back there to the second chapter of Genesis and quotes the twenty-third verse.  That’s what Adam said to Eve when he saw her:  "She is now body of my body, bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh" [Genesis 2:23].  Now look at Paul:  "For this cause," the next verse, thirty-first verse, "For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh" [Ephesians 5:31].  He quotes there the next verse in Genesis, the twenty-fourth verse of the second chapter of Genesis [Genesis 2:24].  Now look at him:  "This is a great mystery:  but I speak concerning Christ and the church" [Ephesians 5:32].  Paul says back there in the beginning, in the story of Adam and Eve, when the bride was brought to Adam, and he looked at her and said, "She has come out of my side; she is bone of my bone, heart of my heart, soul of my soul, flesh of my flesh,Therefore shall a man leave his father and mother, and be joined to his wife, and they two shall be one" [Genesis 2:23-24].  Paul says that is a type and a prefiguration of Christ and His church [Ephesians 5:32].  Born of His side, the riven side, bone of His bone, blood of His blood, heart of His heart, love of His love, His bride, a great mystery hidden to the Old Testament prophets, but revealed to us [Ephesians 3:3-10], "I speak concerning Christ and His church" [Ephesians 5:32].  It’s a type; the deeper meaning was found in the Lord and His church.

Now let us take the apostle John.  In the twentieth chapter of the Book of John, in the nineteenth chapter of the Book of John, you have the story of the spear thrust into the side of our Lord Jesus.  Beginning at the, say, the thirty-third verse, look at the reading, John 19:33:


But when they came to Jesus, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His legs:  But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and forthwith came there out blood and water –

 We’ll have something to say about that later on, "blood and water" –  

And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.  For these things were done, that the Scripture might be fulfilled –

quote –

"A bone of Him shall not be broken." 

[John 19:33-36]


All right, find that for me.  This happened:  they didn’t break the legs of Jesus, they never broke a bone in His body; they did the other two malefactors, but they didn’t our Savior [John 19:31-33].  And John noticed it, and called attention to it, and wrote, "These things were done, that the Scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken" [John 19:36].  Now you find that back there where it says that.

All right, here’s where it says it: there is a reference in a psalm [Psalm 16:9-10], a side reference that you might say applied to it, but thing is expressly said where?  In the great type of Jesus Christ our Lord, it is expressly said in the twelfth chapter of Exodus, concerning the paschal lamb, "a bone of that lamb shall not be broken" [Exodus 12:46].  Well, why?  Why did it matter back yonder, one thousand five hundred years before Christ, whether you break all the bones in the paschal lamb?  Because God said, "This is to be a type of my Son, the Lamb of God; and a bone of that paschal lamb shall not be broken."  And when the thing came to pass and John saw Jesus on the cross, and noticed that those soldiers passed Him by and "brake not His bones," there came to his heart the figure, the type in the Passover lamb, where God said one thousand five hundred years before, "Ye shall not break a bone in His body" [Exodus 12:46].  He found the fulfillment of the meaning of the type in the cross of Jesus Christ, our Passover Lamb, sacrificed for us [John 19:30-36; 1 Corinthians 5:7].

Now let’s take one other before we do something else.  We’re going to take from the apostle Peter, in the third chapter of the Book of Acts and the twenty-first verse.  Now you look at that: he’s speaking to the Jewish people there of the Lord Jesus, whom they crucified, who was raised from the dead the third day.  Now look at it:  Peter says, "Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began" [Acts 3:21].  Well, what does he refer to there?  "Whom the heaven must receive," our Lord in heaven now [Acts 1:9-10], and He must stay there "until the times of restitution, apokatastasis, the times of the putting back again, of the restoration," that would be a better translation of it.  "Jesus, raised and in heaven, and He must stay there until the times of restoration of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of His holy prophets" [Acts 3:21].  Now what does that refer to?  If you don’t know the type that it makes reference to in the Old Testament Scriptures, you’d have no idea what that refers to.  But that refers to a beautiful thing in the twenty-fifth chapter of Leviticus.  At the golden Jubilee, every fiftieth year, there is the blowing of the golden Jubilee trumpets, and every man is to return to the house of his fathers, and every servant is to be set free, and every man’s possession is to be given back to him.

Then thou shalt cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the Day of Atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land . . .

And it shall be a Jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.  In the year of this Jubilee ye shall return every man unto his possession.

[Leviticus 25:9-10]


God is going to give us back, at the glorious appearing of the Lord, at the Golden Jubilee; He is going to give us back all that we have lost, all that we have lost.  And if I could say, Peter there was talking to those Jewish people, and God’s going to give them back all that they have lost; and that includes the keeping of His promise to Abraham that he and his seed should have that holy land forever and forever, an irrevocable covenant [Genesis 12:1, 7].  That’s what Peter was referring to when he spoke of the time of the apokatastasis, the time of the restitution [Acts 3:21]; he was talking about the golden Jubilee, back there in the Old Testament Scriptures [Leviticus 25:9-10].

Now, just real fast, I want to go through the Gospel of John with you, and in practically every chapter, you will have a reference to a type in the Old Testament.  All right, let’s start with the Gospel of John and the first chapter.  And then we’ll just take it chapter at a time and see in the Gospel of John, in every chapter, a reference to a type back there in the Old Testament Scriptures.  Now in the first will be John 1:14.  Look at that, John 1:14, "And the Word was made flesh, and," you have it translated, "and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth."  And the Word was made flesh and skēnoō.  Skēnos is the tabernacle, the tent; and skēnoō is the tabernacling; the "tenting" of the Lord among us.  Where did you ever hear of a tabernacle "tenting" in the midst of the Lord’s people?  Why, bless your heart, back there in the pilgrimage, in the heart of the camp of Israel, God dwelt in the tabernacle, in the tent [Exodus 40:34-35]; and John says, "So the Word was made flesh, came down from heaven, and tabernacled," He "tented" in our midst [John 1:14].  So that tabernacle back there, "tenting" in the midst of the children of Israel, was a figure of the tabernacling, the tenting of God in the flesh.

Now look at the thirty-sixth verse; there’s another type.  "Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples; And looking upon Jesus as He walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!" [John 1:35-36].  Think what that meant to those old Jewish people, "Behold the Lamb of God."  Why, when John said that, there came to the mind, and heart, and memory of those Jewish people, all of the lambs that had ever been slain and laid on an altar since the days of Abel [Genesis 4:2, 4].  What did those lambs mean?  Why did God take that sacrifice and choose that?  Remember, I said they were installed and instituted by the Holy Spirit of God?  Because they were types, they were prefigurations of the Lamb of God that should take away the sin of the world [John 1:29].

Now look there in the last verse in that chapter.  We’re in the Gospel of John, John, and this fifty-first verse.  He says to Nathanael, "In whom there was no guile" [John 1:47]:


And Jesus said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.

[John 1:51]


What does that refer to?  Why, bless your heart, when Jacob was alone and forsaken – lay down at night, pillowed his head on a stone – and the Lord opened the gates of glory and the angels of God ascending and descending on Jacob’s ladder [Genesis 28:10-13].  It was a figure of the Lord’s angels as they hovered over and watched and rejoiced in Jesus Christ, God’s Son and our Savior.  It was a type; it was a figure.

Now in the second chapter, just as rapidly as we can, here in the second chapter, look at the thirteenth verse, look at the nineteenth verse:  "Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up" [John 2:19].  That temple was a type and a figure of the body of our Lord, and it is a type and a figure of your body, which is the temple of the Holy Ghost.  Now look in the third chapter of the Gospel of John and the fourteenth verse, "As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up" [John 3:14].  That story back there of the brazen serpent was a type of the Lord Jesus Christ [Numbers 21:8-9].  Now look in the fourth chapter of the Book of John.  He is sitting at the well of Jacob [John 4:6], and in the fourteenth verse of the fourth chapter, He says, "Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life" [John 4:14].  He compares Himself to Jacob’s well; it is a type of the everlasting fountain of water in Jesus Christ.

Now look at the fifth, in the fifth chapter.  In the fifth chapter of the Book of John and the forty-sixth verse, "For had you believed Moses, you would have believed Me: for he wrote of Me" [John 5:46].  Outside of one or two references you will find altogether that Moses wrote of Christ in the types, in the figures.  Now look in the sixth chapter of the Gospel of John, the forty-seventh verse:


Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on Me hath everlasting life.

I am that bread of life.

Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.

This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.

I am the living bread which came down from heaven:  if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever:  and the bread that I give him is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

[John 6:47-51]


In other words, that manna that fell down from heaven, in the wilderness as those people went on their journey, that manna was a type of Jesus Christ, the living bread of God.

Now look in the seventh chapter.  In the seventh chapter of the Gospel of John, in the thirty-eighth verse and thirty-ninth, He refers to Himself as "the smitten rock" when Moses struck the rock and the water gushed out; He refers to Himself as "the smitten rock" [Exodus 17:6].  Out of His body shall flow rivers of living water, "This spake He of the Holy Spirit, which they that believe on Him should receive:  for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because Jesus was not yet glorified" [John 7:38-39] He was not yet smitten, He was not yet slain, He was not yet crucified.  Now, in the eighth chapter of the Book of John, in the twelfth verse:  "I am the light of the world" [John 8:12]. 

Now, I haven’t time to describe the Feast of Tabernacles [Leviticus 23:33-43; Numbers 29:12-38], but in the eventide as the lights were lighted, Jesus said that it was a type of Himself [John 8:12].  In the ninth chapter, so it is applied to that blind man born blind [John 9:1], in the fifth verse; "I am the light of the world, and the light of that blind man" [John 9:5].  In the tenth chapter of the Gospel of John, the eleventh verse, "I am the good shepherd" [John 10:11].  All the good shepherds of the days passed were prefigurations of the Lord Jesus Christ.  In the eleventh chapter of the Gospel of John and the twenty-fifth verse, "Jesus said unto her, "I am the resurrection, and the life" [John 11:25].  Moses and Elijah: Moses died and is to be raised [Deuteronomy 34:5-6], Elijah translated and never saw death [2 Kings 2:11].  Jesus is that: the resurrection, and the life.  In the twelfth chapter of the Gospel of John and the twenty-fourth verse, "Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone:  but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit" [John 12:24]; a prefiguration of the death of Jesus Christ, the planting of the sheaf.  Now in the thirteenth chapter, you have a picture of a laver.  The thirteenth chapter of John and the fifth verse, "After that He poured water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith He was girded" [John 13:5];  that’s the laver there in the temple; and so all through the Bible.  We must stop, should have stopped long time ago.

But it’s just a little of the glorious scene across whose vast bosom we shall look in these days that are to come.  And when you do, those Old Testament Scriptures that you never read and never look at and you bring them to church and they’re a part of your Bible, instead of being just dull, Oriental custom or mysticism, they will come to life.  The color has a meaning, the substance has a meaning, the object has a meaning, the thing that happened has a meaning; they are types, figures of the great mystery of the truth and the revelation of God in Christ Jesus, and through Him in our own souls and our own spirits.

Now Mr. Souther, let’s sing a song.  And while we sing the song, somebody you, in the balcony around, somebody you, on the first note of the first stanza, here this morning to give your heart publicly to the Lord, or to place your life into the fellowship of our church, on that first stanza, down that stairwell, into the aisle, would you come and stand by me?  Giving your heart to Christ publicly, or putting your life with us in the fellowship of the church, while we stand and sing, you come.


Dr. W. A. Criswell

Leviticus 14:1-7




1.    Pre-shadow of

2.    Something with
another meaning of things to come

3.    Shaped by the
Holy Spirit to signify other things yet to come

Two goats on the Day of Atonement

Two birds in the cleansing of the leper

Other cases

1.    Journey from

2.    Entrance in the
promised land

3.    Stones from
crossing the Jordan

4.    Double type of
Christ in Isaac and in the ram which God provided

5.    Deuteronomy 21

6.    Two orders of
the priesthood, Aaron and Melchizedek

7.    Moses and Elijah

Types with double meaning

1.    The ark

2.    Joseph